Joan Miró was born in Barcelona in 1893, but his emotional landscapes, those that would shape him as a person and artist, were essentially Mont-roig, Paris, Mallorca and later New York and Japan. Mont-roig, a small town in the Baix Camp region, would be the counterpoint to the intellectual agitation he experienced in Paris in the 1920s with the surrealist poets, and to the stimulus of abstract expressionism he discovered in New York in the 1940s. Later, in the midst of the Second World War, Joan Miró left his exile in France and settled in Palma de Mallorca, a place of refuge and work, where his friend Josep Lluís Sert designed the studio he had always dreamed of.
His attachment to the landscape of Mont-roig first and then to that of Mallorca will be a determining factor in his work. The link with the land and the interest in everyday objects and the natural environment will be the background of some of his technical and formal research. Miró flees from academicism, in a constant search for a global and pure work, not ascribed to any particular movement. Contained in the forms and in the public manifestations, it is through the plastic fact where Joan Miró shows his rebelliousness and a great sensibility for the political and social events that surround him. This contrast of forces will lead him to create a unique and very personal language that places him as one of the most influential artists of the twentieth century.
(Fundació Joan Miró, Barcelona)